Currently, the bamboo area nationwide is nearly 1.4 million hectares (accounting for 10.5% of the national forest area). Regarding rattan resources, it is estimated that our country has about 30 rattan species (of which 10 have high economic value) belonging to six genera, most of the area is distributed and exploited mainly in Phu Yen provinces. , Khanh Hoa, Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Dong Nai, Quang Nam …
It is worth mentioning that bamboo and rattan have a wide ecological margin, capable of concentrated planting in mountainous areas, and at the same time can cause scattered planting. Not only that, the planting, exploitation and processing of bamboo and rattan are contributing to job creation, poverty alleviation, and improvement of the life of a part of the family dependent on the forest.
Through surveys in localities that have conditions for growing and processing bamboo, rattan has brought about clear economic benefits. A typical example is luong planting in Thanh Hoa province that generates income for 30% of families, with nearly 100 thousand VND / day / worker. Or intensive cultivation of sticky rattan in Thai Binh province, after five years of planting, a stable profit of 60 to 90 million VND / ha / year …
In addition, there are currently 723 / 2.017 craft villages of rattan and bamboo processing and more than a thousand enterprises interested in producing and exporting handicrafts, including rattan, bamboo 342 thousand workers. According to the assessment, our country annually consumes from 400 to 500 million bamboo trees and from 600 to 8000 tons of raw rattan for the production of consumer goods and for export.
Although there are many potentials and advantages to grow and develop bamboo and rattan, our country still has to import rattan raw materials for production and processing from some countries in the region with a demand of about 33 thousand tons / year. year. Meanwhile, the export market share of Vietnam’s bamboo and rattan industry accounts for less than 3% of the world market.
According to the Vietnam Administration of Forestry, the reason is due to the lack of concentrated planting areas with sizes from 30 to 50 thousand hectares; the topography of areas with distribution of bamboo is difficult; Silvicultural solutions applied to bamboo forests are limited; overexploitation leads to degeneration of bamboo bushes, bamboos; low yield and value of planted bamboo; There is no sustainable exploitation plan. For rattan resources, due to the massive exploitation and export of raw materials, lack of planning and management, they have been exhausted …
Also according to Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Ho Xuan Hung, the policy of bamboo development in our country is mainly used as materials for the construction industry, so the efficiency is low, people are not excited. For example, in the North, the price is only 50-70 thousand VND / bamboo, while in the South it is higher, about 100-140 thousand VND / tree, but in other countries, the price is 5 or 7 times higher. According to the Vietnam Timber and Forest Products Association, currently Vietnam’s bamboo varieties have a very low utilization rate of about 35-40%. The high utilization rate of bamboo in Vietnam is only about 10% of the area. But rattan is almost completely imported, while rattan area is limited.
According to forecasts about the market share of rattan and bamboo products of Vietnam in the world in the period 2010-2015 is about 12%. To meet such growth, the demand for raw materials bamboo to 2020 needs at least one billion bamboo trees / year. Therefore, in addition to the conservation and development of bamboo in the existing natural forest (about 1.3 million ha) and plantation forest (about 88,000 ha), from now to 2020, our country needs to plant about 60 more thousand hectares of luong bamboo, bringing the total to more than 1.5 million hectares. Also according to the development trend, by 2020, it is expected that the demand for raw rattan for production and processing needs about 100 thousand tons. Currently, we have to import about 33 thousand tons of rattan annually from other countries. However, according to experts, the import will be more and more difficult due to the export tightening policy of some countries. Therefore, in order to meet the domestic demand for raw materials in addition to preserving and developing existing raw materials, we need to plant about 15 thousand hectares.
For this issue, Director of the Department of Economic Sector (Government Office) Nguyen Tuan Phu said that the Government identifies bamboo as a special industrial tree and orientates the development policy of the bamboo and rattan industry in order to exploit strongly. Valuable attributes of this tree to contribute to promoting the overall economic development of the country. To overcome the above difficulties, the forestry sector needs to develop a planning strategy to conserve and exploit effectively rattan and bamboo. In addition to the raw materials of rattan and bamboo that are available in natural forests, it is necessary to research, select, cross-breed and develop high economic value rattan species, planning to develop into large-scale concentrated material areas. . According to the General Department of Forestry, it is necessary to develop and issue investment support policies to encourage the development of bamboo and rattan; completing land allocation, forest allocation to economic sectors, social organizations, households to ensure real ownership to conserve and develop raw material areas….
In addition, it is necessary to support specialized associations, support Vietnam’s bamboo and rattan network in order to strengthen the ability to provide market information, increase the linkage to solve labor-related issues. , market … In order to develop the rattan and bamboo industry sustainably in the coming time, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development proposes many development policies such as planning to develop raw material areas serving the processing industry, planning identifying areas of natural materials to supply traditional handicraft villages. The training of human resources for the rattan and bamboo industry also needs attention, opening more vocational training institutions for rattan, bamboo, and bamboo.